The New York State DCJS Office of Youth Justice provides resources and expertise to promote positive change and improve the quality and responsiveness of the justice system on behalf of youth and families.
New York State provides a fair and equitable justice system that gives youth an opportunity to reach their full potential and prevents future system involvement.
The DCJS Office of Youth Justice will be a valued collaborative partner and leader in building statewide capacity and structures that support government and professional agencies in addressing demonstrated needs with evidence-based solutions.
CORE VALUES AND PRINCIPLES
The Office of Youth Justice has adopted the five core values of the DCJS: Integrity, teamwork, excellence, accountability, and innovation. In addition, we move forward using the following principles:
- Collaboration: No one organization can be completely successful in reducing or preventing crime. Greater long-term success requires true partnerships across many levels.
- Flexible and Adaptable: We should always find the best possible means of using funds in a manner that best meets youth needs while offering opportunities to easily and quickly redirect resources to address local needs.
- Youth and Family Focused: Those who are the beneficiaries of our mission always come first. Their voices are important factors in our decision processes.\
- Information Sharing: Effective communication and information sharing aid prudent decision-making and interaction with stakeholders.
- Juvenile Justice Data
- Juvenile Justice Advisory Group
- Regional Youth Justice Teams
Raise the Age Data
The following statistics helped to inform Raise the Age policy discussions. Additional information about the 2017 law that raises the age of criminal responsibility in New York State.
- Arrests involving 16-17 Year Olds by County and Region (2/2015)
Arrest counts for misdemeanor, non-violent felony, and violent felony offenses over the last five years. Includes statewide, region and individual county summaries.
- Dispositions of Arrests involving 16 and 17 Year Olds by County and Region (2/2015)
Dispositions of arrests involving 16 and 17 year olds for felony and misdemeanor offenses over the last five years. Includes statewide, region and individual county summaries.
- Final Report of the Governor’s Commission on Youth, Public Safety and Justice (1/2015) This report contains recommendations for juvenile justice reform in New York State.
Youth Pardon Program
Governor Andrew M. Cuomo is offering executive pardons to New Yorkers convicted of non-violent crimes at ages 16 and 17 who have been crime-free for a minimum of 10 years since their offense.
For individuals who receive this pardon, the New York State Office of Court Administration has stated that it will restrict public access to criminal history records, meaning that they will not be available to private employers, landlords or other companies that seek this information.
Juvenile Justice Data
New York State juvenile justice data are compiled by a variety of state and local agencies, including the Office of Children and Family Services, the Office of Court Administration, the Office of the New York City Criminal Justice Coordinator, the New York City Administration for Children’s Services and the New York City Police Department. DCJS partners with these agencies and others to compile and analyze juvenile justice data, producing a statewide picture of juvenile justice trends.
The New York State Juvenile Justice Advisory Group (JJAG), made up of the key players in juvenile justice in New York, is committed to supporting a fair and equitable juvenile justice system in New York State, one that is data driven and research based. Appointed by the Governor of New York, JJAG serves to supervise the development and implementation of New York State’s federal juvenile justice plan, review and approve all grant applications for federal juvenile justice and delinquency prevention funds, and to consider and advise the Governor and the Legislature on juvenile justice matters of importance in New York State.
The overarching vision of the JJAG includes:
- Fostering innovation in juvenile justice related practice and policy through the dissemination of knowledge that is research based and data driven.
- Serving as a convener and coordinator for state and local juvenile justice related partners and reform efforts.
- Embedding in communities the responsibility and means to meet the needs of their youth who are at risk of entering or involved in the juvenile justice system.
- Supporting the creation of a continuum of care in each community, and throughout the state, to ensure that all youth are served from prevention to intervention through aftercare as close to their homes and communities as possible.
- Establishing a system that is easily accessible to all consumers, both as grantees and the children, youth and families they serve; facilitating state and local, and public and private partnerships that are supportive of at risk and disadvantaged youth and families.
The Juvenile Justice Advisory Group meets quarterly, rotating its meeting location between the Division of Criminal Justice Services office in Albany and the Executive Chamber in New York City. Meetings occur from 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. and are open to the public. Notice for each meeting is published in the New York State Register.
Disproportionate Minority Contact Advisory Council
The DMC Committee will inform the JJAG and its individual member agencies and organizations to help identify and eliminate policies and practices that contribute to the disparate treatment of racial and ethnic minority youth in New York State and thereby eliminate the disproportionate representation of minority youth throughout the juvenile justice system.
The DMC Committee will develop recommendations (a strategic plan) that will guide policies and practices to improve outcomes for all youth and reduce the disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority youth at all stages of the juvenile justice system.
- Increase awareness of disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority youth at progressive stages of the juvenile justice system.
- Encourage a service delivery agenda that provides fair and equal treatment to all youth.
- Promote public policies that ensure fair and equal treatment to all youth.
- Increase cultural competence of policy makers and professionals who work with children and families.
- Incorporate the youth perspective in planning.
- Research policy and practices that contribute to disparate treatment of racial and ethnic minority youth.
- Map decision points where disparate treatment of racial and ethnic minority youth can contribute to disproportionate representation of youth in the juvenile justice system.
- Determine standard, reliable data sources to measure decision points.
- Quantify the disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority youth at progressive stages of the juvenile justice system.
- Research effective strategies that reduce the disparate treatment of racial and ethnic minority youth.
- Develop or identify training to increase cultural competence.
- Train policy makers and professionals who work with children and families to improve cultural competence.
- Organize and convene a youth advisory council.
- Develop strategic action plan to address DMC.
- Monitor and amend plan as needed.
Advisory Group Members
|Euphemia Adams||Executive Director, Families on the Move NYC|
|Thomas Beilein||Chairman, NYS Commission on Correction|
|Jenny Besch||Director, Westchester and Rockland Mediation Centers|
|Gladys Carrión||Commissioner, NYC Administration for Children's Services|
John (Jack) Carter, Chairman
|Hernan Carvente||Youth Member|
|Joseph J. Cocozza, Ph.D.||Director, National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice, Policy Research Associates, Inc.|
|Shane Correia||Youth Member|
|Edward Fergus, Ph.D.||Assistant Professorr, Metropolitan Center for Urban Education|
|Nancy Hollander, Psy.D.|
|Hon. Martha Walsh Hood||Supervising Judge of Family Courts, 5th Judicial District|
|Hon. Judy Harris Kluger||Executive Director, Sanctuary for Families, Inc.|
|Robert M. Maccarone||Director, DCJS Office of Probation and Correctional Alternatives|
|Emannuel McCall||Youth Member|
|Karen Richmond||Executive Director, Children's Home of Jefferson County|
|Lester Young||NYS Board of Regents|
The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act requires that each state receiving federal formula funds to designate a state agency as “the sole agency for supervising the preparation and administration” of the state’s juvenile justice plan and to establish an advisory group, appointed by the Chief Executive of the State.
§4.80 Executive Order No. 80 signed by Governor Mario M. Cuomo (and continued by Governor Andrew Cuomo in 2011), named the Division of Criminal Justice Services the designated state agency and established the Juvenile Justice Advisory Group (JJAG) in 1986.
Every state and territory that receives Formula Grant funds from the federal government must be in compliance with the four core requirements or mandates of the JJDPA. More »
The JJAG identifies critical areas for juvenile justice program development through data analysis; consultation with juvenile justice professionals, youth and families; and identification of critical unmet areas of need that have potential for meaningful systemic impact. There are currently funded programs in the areas of disproportionate minority contact, front-end reform, school-based programming, and community-based mentoring.
Disproportionate Minority Contact
New York State is required to address the disproportionate representation of youth of color in the juvenile justice system (i.e. disproportionate minority contact or “DMC”) as a condition of its receipt of federal Juvenile Justice Title II Formula funding. The federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) specifically requires that states address DMC on an ongoing basis by utilizing the Five Phase DMC-Reduction Model which requires that a statewide assessment be completed at least once every three years. Additionally, a plan for compliance with the DMC core requirement is developed, annually.
Based on findings from activities facilitated throughout 2011 to address DMC, a number of issues were identified and recommendations developed to drive efforts to reduce racial/ethnic disparities within the New York State's juvenile justice system.
Regional Youth Justice Teams
Regional Youth Justice Teams are regional teams of juvenile justice stakeholders including representatives from local government agencies, service providers, the judiciary, community organizations and youth and families who have been justice involved. The teams were created to further implement New York State’s strategic plan for juvenile justice. Each team meets on a quarterly basis to share best practices, identify areas for practice improvement and provide input to state policymakers. If you are interested in becoming part of a regional team, contact the team liaison in your region.
Grant opportunities are listed here when they are available.
New York State, through the JJAG, funds numerous programs with grants from the federal Office for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Funding is awarded competitively. Notifications of funding opportunities also can be found in the New York State Register.
Information for Grantees
The New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) administers all the grants approved by the Juvenile Justice Advisory Group. All grants are subject to New York State finance law and are monitored in an ongoing manner by DCJS staff. Grantees can access forms that they may need in meeting their grant requirements at http://www.criminaljustice.ny.gov/ofpa/forms.htm.
A Program Representative from the Office of Program Development and Funding at DCJS will be assigned to develop and monitor each grant. Grantees should expect ongoing contact with their assigned Program Representative in the form of phone calls, review of quarterly performance reports, desk audits and site visits.
Quarterly performance reporting from grantees is critical to maintain ongoing communication between the grantee and the Juvenile Justice Advisory Group and to the development of outcome data that can be helpful in sustaining programs after the grant period concludes. Grantees are expected to provide quarterly reports within 45 days of the close of each quarter. The specific requirements of each grantee’s reports are established within the workplan in their contract. That workplan can be found in the Grants Management System at https://grants.criminaljustice.ny.gov/.
Juvenile Justice in New York State